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Eaton, Kenneth A. Mackenzie, Holt C. Wilson, Simeon E. Josephi and George M. Several of these men helped organize a rival school, the Medical Department of the University of Oregon. By , the population of Salem was a fraction of that of Portland, with a mere 2, inhabitants.

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Portland's population growth and established health care facilities, such as St. On February 8, , another medical school, the Oregon Medical College, had been incorporated in Portland. Deady, William H. Watkins, William B. Cardwell, R. Rex, William H. Saylor and O. Therefore it was resolved that a committee of three be invited from Willamette University to confer with a similar committee from the Oregon Medical College to harmonize their efforts.

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On June 5, , resolutions were made in Portland to accept the recommendations of the President and the faculty of the Willamette University Medical Department. On June 17, , the Oregon Medical College was disincorporated, and stock was canceled. Willamette failed to establish a medical college in Portland. It wasn't until the organization of the University of Oregon Medical School, that medical education finally took a foothold in Portland.

Due to the irreparable breach among the faculty of the Willamette University Medical Department, the new rival medical school was established on June 16, The Board of Regents of the University of Oregon granted a charter to a group of physicians, including K. Mackenzie, H. Wilson, G. Wells and S.

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Josephi, each of whom had resigned from the faculty at Willamette University. The school began instruction in the fall of Beginning in , the medical school formed the Medical Building Association in order to offer stocks to raise money for the construction of a new building on NW Twenty-Third Avenue and Lovejoy Street. Once the construction was complete, the money gained by the Association was made available for supplies and maintenance of the structure.

The new Victorian-style building was used until it was destroyed by fire on May 29, At this time, the Medical Building Association sold off the assets and property and closed their books for good. By , Portland had clearly become the health center of the Pacific Northwest and was relatively free from contagious diseases. Though a smallpox epidemic broke out in , an all-out effort stamped it out with record speed. In , the University of Oregon Medical School was in the top ranks of American medical colleges, and medical examining boards in all US states and territories recognized its diploma.

In , to advance its educational standards, the school began issuing grades. Three years later, in , it adopted the admission requirements of the American Association of Medical Colleges. Loveridge in charge. In the Office of City Physicians was established and a physician was hired to be the executive officer of the City Board of Health. At this time, to further control of the spread of disease, children with contagious diseases were barred from attending school. Provisions were made for garbage disposal, as accumulated garbage was becoming overtly conspicuous.


In , David Beakey was appointed Health Commissioner. He drafted the first ordinance providing for the inspection of dairy cows and milk, an ordinance for the inspection of meat, and the construction of a larger isolation hospital. Tuberculosis was a concern as it was the leading cause of death in Small pox remained a constant threat and unmanaged sewage continued to be a problem in the city even though many more miles of sewage lines were laid.

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Menefee succeeded Beakey as health commissioner and continued efforts were made towards inspections of all food services to set a minimum standard for sanitation, though tuberculosis, cholera and typhoid fever were still claiming lives. On August , a newly appointed Board of Health of Portland held its first meeting. The population grew to 90, and railroads connected Portland to cities on the East and West coasts.

Portland was becoming an important urban center.

The city was planning the Lewis and Clark Exposition, and yet was still drawing its water from the sewage-contaminated Willamette River. Tuberculosis, typhoid fever and cholera infantum were still taking lives every year. The city, however, continued to make advances in health care.

In , Dr. Zan campaigned for the inspection of milk and dairy herds. The city health commissioner reported that Portland was the only city of its size without established guidelines for milk and meat inspection; the population had reached , and still levels of milk and meat inspection were abysmal.

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In the first ambulance in Portland was put into service. In , the Portland Open-Air Sanitarium opened for tuberculosis patients. Geary, newly appointed county physician, realized that the indigent sick were not able to receive the care they needed at the County Poor Farm.

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  • Due to his efforts, the Multnomah County Hospital was established in By , the City Health Board made an all-out effort to eliminate the spread of tuberculosis. Meat and milk inspection began at this time. His Nacogdoches County discovery produced just 10 barrels a day and failed. It lay dormant for nearly two decades until when others return to the small but historic oilfield. The first Texas oil boom arrived in the summer of when the Corsicana oilfield was discovered by a drilling contractor hired by the city to find water. Technological innovations would follow, including rotary drilling.

    The first Mississippi oil well was drilled in after a Yazoo County survey by geologist Frederic Mellen, who had sought a suitable clay to mold cereal bowls for children. Union Producing Company completed ithe Woodson No. The well produced barrels of oil a day from a depth of 4, feet from a sandstone later named the Woodruff Sand. While working on a Works Progress Administration project, Mellen had found indications of a salt dome structure.

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    The first publicized report of oil in Nebraska had been in an newspaper. On February 12, , Shell Oil Company completed the first commercial well. The Hogback No. A crowd watched as the explosion caused the Nellie Johnstone No. Drilling had begun in January, the same month Bartlesville was incorporated — and a decade before Oklahoma became a state. After decades of frustration over failed exploration attempts, the first Utah oil well was competed on September 18, , in the Uinta Basin. For membership information, contact bawells aoghs. On 20 August , in Secunderabad, Ross made his landmark discovery.

    While dissecting the stomach tissue of an anopheline mosquito fed four days previously on a malarious patient, he found the malaria parasite and went on to prove the role of Anopheles mosquitoes in the transmission of malaria parasites in humans. He continued his research into malaria in India, using a more convenient experimental model, malaria in birds. By July , he had demonstrated that mosquitoes could serve as intermediate hosts for bird malaria.

    He worked for the newly established Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine , taking a post as lecturer and later becoming Professor of Tropical Medicine, and accepted a personal chair in Tropical Sanitation at Liverpool University. One of his first roles at the School was to investigate and devise anti-malaria schemes in West Africa.

    This was the first of many expeditions that Ross undertook to investigate and develop malaria control measures including visits to Ismailia in Egypt at the request of the Suez Canal Company in , Panama in , Greece in , and Mauritius in He received an honorary M. During the First World War , Ross was appointed a consultant physician on tropical diseases to Indian troops and was sent to Alexandria for four months to investigate an outbreak of dysentery that was hampering troops in the Dardanelles. In he was appointed a consultant physician to the War Office and in he received an honorary post as consultant to the Ministry of Pensions.

    The main focus of the Institute was the study of the nature and treatment, propagation, and prevention of tropical diseases.