For example, some young children have difficulty learning number names, counting, and recognizing how many items are in a group.

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Some of these children continue to demonstrate problems learning math as they proceed through school. Research on understanding more completely what a math disability means and what we can do about it in school has lagged behind similar work being done in the area of reading disabilities. Compared to the research base in early reading difficulties, early difficulties in mathematics and the identification of math disability in later years are less researched and understood.

## Children's Mathematical Graphics: Understanding the Key Concept

Fortunately, attention is now being directed to helping students who struggle learning basic mathematics skills, mastering more advance mathematics e. This article will explain in detail what a math disability is, the sources that cause such a disability, and how a math disability impacts students at different grade levels. A learning disability in mathematics is characterized by an unexpected learning problem after a classroom teacher or other trained professional e. Appropriate learning experiences refer to practices that are supported by sound research and that are implemented in the way in which they were designed to be used.

The time period refers to the duration of time that is needed to help the child learn the skills and concepts, which are challenging for the child to learn. Typically, the child with a math disability has difficulty making sufficient school progress in mathematics similar to that of her peer group despite the implementation of effective teaching practices over time.

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Other studies have identified a group of children who have only a math disability. When a child is identified as having a math disability, his difficulty may stem from problems in one or more of the following areas: memory, cognitive development, and visual-spatial ability. Here are some examples:. Students with a math disability may have trouble because of delays in cognitive development, which hinders learning and processing information. This might lead to problems with:.

### 11 Signs Your Child Is Struggling With Math

Examples of visual-spatial difficulties include:. Research confirms this definition of a math disability. A child with a learning disability in math calculations may often struggle learning the basic skills in early math instruction where the problem is rooted in memory or cognitive difficulties.

Added to Your Shopping Cart. This is a dummy description. The importance of learning mathematics is constantly stressed by educationalists and employers alike. Yet survey after survey shows that large numbers of children leave school lacking both competence and interest in mathematics. What is going wrong and what should be done about it?

### Description

Table of contents Foreword: Margaret Donaldson. What is the Problem?. Piaget under Attack. Addition and Subtraction before School. What's so Hard About Two and Two.

Children's Invention of Written Arithmetic. They make errors because they misread signs or carry numbers incorrectly, or may not write numerals clearly enough or in the correct column.

These students often struggle, especially in primary school, where basic computation and "right answers" are stressed. Often they end up in remedial classes, even though they might have a high level of potential for higher-level mathematical thinking. Difficulty Transferring Knowledge One fairly common difficulty experienced by people with math problems is the inability to easily connect the abstract or conceptual aspects of math with reality.

Understanding what symbols represent in the physical world is important to how well and how easily a child will remember a concept. Holding and inspecting an equilateral triangle, for example, will be much more meaningful to a child than simply being told that the triangle is equilateral because it has three equal sides. And yet children with this problem find connections such as these painstaking at best. Making Connections Some students have difficulty making meaningful connections within and across mathematical experiences.

For instance, a student may not readily comprehend the relation between numbers and the quantities they represent. If this kind of connection is not made, math skills may be not anchored in any meaningful or relevant manner. This makes them harder to recall and apply in new situations. Incomplete Understanding of the Language of Math For some students, a math disability is driven by problems with language.

These children may also experience difficulty with reading, writing, and speaking. In math, however, their language problem is confounded by the inherently difficult terminology, some of which they hear nowhere outside of the math classroom.