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- From Soldiers To Citizens: Demilitarization Of Conflict And Society.
- Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration of Ex-Combatants.
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From Soldiers to Citizens. Edition 1st Edition. First Published Imprint Routledge. Pages pages.
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The authors make the case that where DDR only targets the returning combatants, this could greatly inhibit their reintegration into the society. A better approach would be to treat ex-combatants no differently from any other vulnerable group — such as the internally displaced persons IDPs.
The authors make a clear assertion that the process of DDR involves more people than simply the ex-combatants and, as such, there must be equity in the treatment offered to both the communities and the returnees. This book brings a wealth of information to the field of peace and conflict studies.
From soldiers to citizens: Demilitarization of conflict and society
The empirical research base on which the arguments about DDR practice depend gives the reader an opportunity to better understand the practice and the critical challenges of implementing the DDR programmes in weak post-conflict states. The presentation of the empirical research in qualitative discussions and quantitative representations enable the reader to question some of the assumptions frequently made about reintegration.
A good example of this is the notion that returnees are always rejected by their communities. Another useful contribution made in this book is the analysis of the relationship between ex-soldiers and the internally displaced population.
African Journal on Conflict Resolution
The authors contend that the experiences and struggles of this group are not significantly different from those of the returning soldiers, and that the recognition of the disadvantages of preferential treatment of ex-combatants in weak and poor societies is also a vital aspect of reintegration. The analysis shows how identity and the transformation of identity play a crucial role in successful reintegration, and this is an essential contribution of this text.
In conclusion the authors have successfully communicated the importance of a properly effected DDR in securing a post-conflict state. The use of Angola as a case study makes it easier for the reader to understand the theoretical assertions and arguments of the authors.
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The discussions that marry the theory and practice of reintegration gives this text some objective basis from which practitioners and academics can draw a wealth of understanding of post-conflict peacebuilding practices. This book provides a detailed analysis of the practice, challenges and opportunity of the DDR process in transforming ex-soldiers into citizens. Reviewed By Grace Maina. References: Ball, Nicole and Luc van de Goor Disarmament, demobilization and reintegration: Mapping issues, dilemmas and guiding principles.
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Douma, Pyt and Bart Klem The struggle after combat. Sustaining the peace in Angola: An overview of current demobilisation, disarmament and reintegration. Bonn, Bonn International Centre for Conversion. Knight, Mark and Alpaslan Ozerdem Guns, camps and cash: Disarmament, demobilization and reinsertion of former combatants in transitions from war to peace. Journal of Peace Research , 41 4 , pp.
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