Peter Schaber - unknown. Do Conflicts Make Us Free? Thinking About Conflicts of Desire. Henry S. Hat die Philosophie noch eine Einheit? Practical Conflicts. Sidgwick's Problem. David M.
Holley - - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 5 1 The Fundamental Principle of Practical Reasoning. Putting Together Morality and Well-Being. Practical Reasoning as Creative Social Imagination. Added to PP index Total views 54 , of 2,, Recent downloads 6 months 7 , of 2,, How can I increase my downloads? Sign in to use this feature.
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Download Practical Conflicts New Philosophical Essays
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The history men ran Robin Fitzooth. Raz advances what he calls the conformity principle: "One should conform to reason completely, insofar as one can. If one cannot, one should come as close to complete conformity as possible" p. Not being able to conform with reason completely provides occasions for regret, the need to compensate aggrieved parties, and the appropriateness of apologizing to affected individuals.
Highlighting what is unfortunate about conflicts shows that "what matters is what we do, how we live, and whether we respond to reason, and not what we intend" p.
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Monika Betzler focuses on regret that follows even after a seemingly justified choice between conflicting options. Much has been made of this moral residue in the debate about moral dilemmas. It is "rationalists" those who believe that practical conflicts can be completely resolved who must bear the most weight in explaining why regret after an apparently correct decision is nevertheless rational.
Betzler thinks that the appropriateness of regret in these situations has not been adequately explained. She argues that regret is reason-responsive in ways that have been overlooked. Forgoing one of our commitments, even when done for better reasons, still leaves intact what we consider valuable.
Regret is an evaluative attitude responsive to what we have reason to value even though we cannot appropriately act on it p. Commitments forgone can engender multiple kinds of regret, depending on the sort of loss that has occurred.
Henry S. Richardson
Peter Baumann argues for what he calls a "preface paradox for goals" p. Based on the very concept of a goal, Baumann derives the claim, "An agent does not have an indefeasible reason not to want that all his goals will be realized" p. But he also argues that the following should be accepted: "An agent has an indefeasible reason not to want that all his goals will be realized. But the latter claim is defended by imagining what the world would be like if one always, inevitably accomplished all of one's goals.
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In a word, he says, it would be "boring. Baumann concludes by arguing that moves available for escaping the "preface paradox for beliefs " will not help to avoid the preface paradox for goals pp. Peter Schaber most directly discusses moral dilemmas. Schaber takes as a paradigm of a moral conflict Bernard Williams's famous case of Jim, Pedro, and the Indians. Is this an insolvable moral conflict? Schaber argues that a small subset of conflicts are insolvable. In particular, he argues that conflicts of moral reasons are insolvable only if the reasons are theoretically incommensurable, practically incommensurable they should not be compared , and symmetrical neither reason is dominated by the other.
Williams's case fits the bill, he thinks, and so is an insolvable moral conflict. But, Schaber argues, neither accepting nor not accepting Pedro's "offer" would be wrong pp. Thus those who say that insolvable moral conflicts involve "inescapable wrongdoing" are mistaken. Here Elster is concerned with how regimes come to terms with the past in a transition to democracy. How should officers of a democratic government deal with persons from a past, unjust regime?
Elster highlights the conflict between a desire for substantive retributive justice punishing perpetrators of injustice and a desire to follow procedurally correct principles not engage in retroactive legislation. Numerous other practical problems are discussed. In order to demonstrate the breadth of topics discussed, let me just mention contributors not discussed above.
Christine Korsgaard writes about egoism. Isaac Levi discusses aspects of decision theory. Nicholas White addresses the possibility of conflicting virtues.